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How CHW Teams Improve Breast Cancer Screening

Contributors Monique Cuvelier and Wajeeh Khan

Breast cancer doesn’t come from one obvious cause, and it doesn’t affect everyone equally. That makes it challenging to address and manage though breast cancer screening. When 1 in 8 U.S. women will develop invasive breast cancer in the course of her life—it’s an urgent problem. And it’s one that managed care agencies, healthcare systems, and communities have struggled with for decades. How do you systematically address something so unsystematic?

[RELATED: CHWTraining Opens New Course on Breast Cancer Screening for 2020]

The Role of CHWs

Community health workers are one part of the answer. They have a knack for making paths through hard-to-reach areas and populations. They’re powerful allies in the battle against breast cancer, especially in underserved communities, where they live, work, or understand deeply.

The WHO highlights that CHWs must respond to the local, cultural, and societal norms to ensure community ownership and approval.

Their impact on women with breast cancer or at high risk is broad. They can connect people directly with providers for treatment. They can give clients and patients resources about disease management. They can bust myths about breast cancer (no, mammograms don’t cause cancer) and provide other education about lowering risk. They can also be there just to listen and provide social support and advise on health insurance and financial assistance.

In a recent study, participants that took part in a CHW intervention reported increased rates of screening mammography. Mammography is the standard screening procedure for breast cancer in developed countries, but this is not feasible for population-based interventions.

CHWs have a positive effect in increasing mammography rates. A meta-analysis of 18 studies reported that CHW interventions related to breast cancer screening resulted in a significant increase in mammography rates and clinical visits. These results were strongest for urban and medical settings and where communities and CHWs were ethnically similar (Wells et al., 2011). In another study that compared the screening rates in Vietnamese women by lay health workers and media education, lay health workers significantly increased clinical breast examination and mammography rates.

If you’re not sure if CHWs can help improve breast cancer screening in your agency, or what kinds of job skills are needed, take a look at some of these benefits below to give you an idea.

6 Ways CHWs Improve Breast Cancer Outcomes

  1. Increase breast cancer screening
  2. Connect people directly to providers for treatment
  3. Reduce barriers to screening and healthylifestyle changes
  4. Give clients and patients resources about disease management
  5. Bust myths about breast cancer
  6. Provide guidance about lowering risk

1. Increase Breast Cancer Screening

Promoting breast cancer screening is the top boost CHWs can give clients to catch breast cancer early. Making CHWs part of cancer interventions can increase breast cancer screening rates.  The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends CHWs because they “increase demand for screening services using group education, one-on-one education, client reminders, or small media” and “improve access to screening services by reducing structural barriers.”

Research shows that CHW interventions work. In a study conducted on rural African-American women, CHWs intervention reported an 11 percent increase in clinical mammography rates compared to women who were not contacted by CHWs.

An ASTHO study shows that patient navigator and CHW efforts have led to increases in cancer screening rates between 11-17 percent. They also led to increases in rates of adherence to diagnostic follow-up care up to 29 percent.

2. Connect People Directly to Providers for Treatment

CHWs are links or bridges between the community and local health systems. They can act as patient navigators in the continuum of breast cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment. The role of CHWs is highly effective in increasing access to local health services. This helps significantly reduce potential delays in diagnosis.

For example, in South Africa, CHWs act as treatment buddies for HIV patients, similarly they can act as navigators for breast cancer patients. They can provide support both emotional and logistic, increasing access to healthcare.

3. Reduce Barriers to Screening and Healthy Lifestyle Changes

Breast cancer screening programs have been introduced worldwide, but many hurdles stand between clients and success. Clients don’t get screened for reasons ranging from lack of knowledge regarding the disease, low income, and no prior history of breast cancer. CHWs can help address and remove those barriers and provide education.

Some examples how:

  • Lack of health insurance –provide information on signing up for insurance and resources such as the CDC’s National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) for free or low-cost breast and cervical cancer screenings.
  • Geographic barriers – help find sources of transportation or mobile screening vangs
  • Guidelines education – provide proper information regarding screening, including when and how often
  • Structural and interpersonal barriers – give social support and advice to promote screening

4. Give Clients and Patients Resources About Disease Management

Linguistic and health literacy interventions from CHWs are helpful to address breast cancer screening in racial and socioeconomic minority groups. These interventions have been cost-effective and successful.

For example, Kin Keeper Cancer Prevention trained female CHWs to provide at-home education in selected communities in English, Spanish and Arabic. They conducted surveys with enrollees, and the literacy rates improved in all participants.

5. Bust Myths About Breast Cancer

CHWs can clear up many of the myths about breast cancer through education. Myths range from fuzzy misunderstandings to directly harmful. For example, some people think lifestyle choices such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and limiting alcohol eliminates the chance of breast cancer. While this can lower the risk, it doesn’t eliminate it.

On the other end, some misinformation states mammograms cause breast cancer rather than detect it.

6. Provide Guidance About Lowering Risk

Many breast cancer risk factors come down to lifestyle, including how much a person smokes, eats poorly, and gets physical activity. CHWs can provide clients the information and support they need to make these challenging lifestyle changes.

They can often provide more than basic education. They can help clients and patients really understand what a healthy lifestyle is, how to implement a doctor’s advice, and find the motivation to continue on a positive path.

The longer a CHW program is established in any given community, the more successful it becomes. The success of any CHW program depends upon the support of the community, along with continuous resource provision and training. Regular training is the most effective strategy in increasing the productivity of the program in the community. Breast cancer screening can be integrated into regular primary healthcare visits performed by CHWs.

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CHWTraining Opens New Course on Breast Cancer Screening for 2020

Enrollment is now underway for the latest in a series of cutting-edge courses designed to address the urgent need for managing chronic illnesses in communities

WOBURN, Mass. June 12, 2020 — CHWTraining is adding a new, community-focused breast cancer screening course to its 2020 portfolio. The cutting-edge online course, created by cancer prevention experts at the national and state level, is one of several that fill the industry’s skills gap by providing training in key areas such as breast cancer screening, cancer prevention, women’s health, communication skills, outreach and more.

“Breast cancer screenings can save lives, and CHWTraining is leading the way toward mobilizing women to get annual mammograms,” says Monique Cuvelier, Executive Director of CHWTraining Subscriptions. “Women face many barriers to accessing clinical screenings, and community-focused health teams are vital to educating and supporting women to overcome those hurdles.”

CHWTraining’s education and training cater to community-facing teams by addressing chronic conditions including the following, among others:

Breast Cancer Screening: communicate to clients the importance of screening, who should be screened, and what to expect.

Breast Cancer Genetics: understand how and why breast cancer happens and how to support women through a diagnosis.

Cervical Cancer: evaluate the major barriers to cervical cancer screening, plus how and when to encourage boys, girls, and women to be screened and vaccinated for HPV.

Diabetes: develop an understanding of the types of diabetes and how to manage them, including motivating clients to change lifestyle habits.

Asthma: discover how to reduce triggers during home visits and understand and follow asthma action plans.

COPD: acquire the skills needed to help clients through this group of lung conditions including chronic bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema.

Registration for all 2020 training bundles is now open. For more information about enrollment, visit our Learning Tracks page (https://chwtraining.org/learning-tracks/).

About CHWTraining subscriptions

CHWTraining training and certifications are available to healthcare teams seeking to quickly expand non-clinical skillsets as community health needs evolve. CHWTraining provides healthcare professionals around the country with the best practices, guidelines, and practical advice through education programs designed especially for them. In addition to industry-focused online programs, CHWTraining offers teams the opportunity to attend customized programs tailored specifically for their companies. For more information, please visit: chwtraining.org/contact

Photo by Andrea Piacquadio from Pexels

CHWTraining Adds “Cervical Cancer and HPV” to its Chronic Illness Online Course Library

Online training offers evidence-based guidance to community-focused health workers who support women in vulnerable populations, aiming to lower their risk of cervical cancer and HPV infection through preventive and early detection methods

Woburn, Mass., April. 3, 2020 – Talance, a trusted provider of curriculum development and training technology to the healthcare industry, has added a new online course to address disparities in cervical cancer rates based on socioeconomic factors. “Cervical Cancer and HPV” is ideal for community health workers, promotores, case managers, patient navigators, support staff, and volunteers.

This web-based course demonstrates ways women can lower their risk of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer through prevention and early detection. HPV infections can cause precancerous cell changes, resulting in cervical cancer. The course content includes symptoms, risk factors, screening tests, diagnosis, and treatment. It also covers screening guidelines and information about the HPV vaccine. Finally, course takers will identify barriers to care and ways to address those barriers.

“Social determinants of health make a big impact on cervical cancer screening,” says Monique Cuvelier, president of Talance, Inc., and CHWTraining. “People who live in rural areas and who come from a low socioeconomic background simply don’t get screened for cancer enough, and they don’t get the HPV vaccine that can really help. Our mission is to end that.”

In most Western countries, cervical cancer is highly preventable, thanks to the general availability of screening tests and a vaccine to prevent HPV infections. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), when cervical cancer is detected early, “it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life.”

In many areas, women cannot access HPV screening, which means cases are going undetected. Lower rates of preventive screening mean worse health outcomes in underserved populations. Cervical cancer has been called “a disease of poverty.” A CDC study conducted from 2011 to 2015 compared the incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer in the poorest and most affluent counties in the state of Ohio. Results showed that the rate of cervical cancer incidence was almost twice as high for women living in the poorest counties compared to their affluent counterparts, and the mortality rate was more than twice as high.

The CHWTraining course “Cervical Cancer and HPV” will teach health workers the skills and knowledge needed to reach and educate at-risk populations in poor communities. At the end of the course, health workers will be able to help connect women in such underserved communities with prevention and early detection resources.

About CHWTraining

CHWTraining provides online training technology tools to organizations that want to transform health in America’s communities by carefully coaching their workers. It’s perfect for training new employees who need core competencies or standardizing training for existing staff—on their own time. The assessment-based certificates confirm that participants can demonstrate their knowledge.

About Talance

At Talance, we believe we all have a civic responsibility to help build healthy communities. Since 2000, we’ve collaborated with educators, advocates, health practitioners, governments, and employers to drive positive, lasting change in the environments where people live and work. Talance delivers community health education and technology that is trusted by clients across the nation, who rely on our expertise to create custom curricula or tap into our original course library that is developed by a professional team of industry leaders.

Interested in educating your team in Cervical Cancer and HPV? Contact us to learn more at www.chwtraining.org/contact.

Related: Chronic illness education and training for teams

Photo by Andrea Piacquadio from Pexels